A crater lake is a lake that forms in a volcanic crater or caldera, such as a maar; less commonly and with lower association to the term a lake may form in an impact crater caused by a meteorite, or in an artificial explosion caused by humans. Sometimes lakes which form inside calderas are called caldera lakes, but often this distinction is not made. Crater lakes covering active (fumarolic) volcanic vents are sometimes known as volcanic lakes, and the water within them is often acidic, saturated with volcanic gases, and cloudy with a strong greenish color. Lakes located in dormant or extinct volcanoes tend to have fresh water, and the water clarity in such lakes can be exceptional due to the lack of inflowing streams and sediment. – Wikipedia
Nature never ceases to surprise and amaze with its astonishing feats of wonder. And crater lakes are among the spectacular sights you can find on Earth. From their formation to the unique ways they may vary from each other, volcanic lakes can be both breathtaking and mysterious. Here are just some of the most stunning ones worth making the trip for.
Blue Lake (Mount Gambier, Australia)
Blue Lake lies in one of the extinct craters of Mount Gambier. As the name suggests, the lake exhibits a stunning brilliant blue color for certain months of the year, specifically from December to March. The water’s color then changes to steel grey from April to November making Blue Lake a beautiful oddity in itself.
Crater Lake (Oregon, USA)
Crater Lake in Oregon is the best known among all the crater lakes in the world. Its depth reaches 1,943 feet, which makes it the US’ deepest lake. It clear water comes mostly from rain and snow.
Heaven Lake Baekdu Mountain (China and North Korea)
Heaven Lake is located at Baekdu Mountain which straddles the countries of China and North Korea. It is a stunning crater like which conceals the opening to the volcano. It was formed after the volcanic mountain’s eruption many centuries ago.
Inferno Crater Lake (Waimangu Valley, New Zealand)
Inferno Crater Lake’s name alone adds to the mystic quality that crater lakes seem to possess. Located at Waimangu Valley, Inferno Crater Lake’s water level may vary as it rises and falls over 10 meters. Temperature varies between 35 to 80 degrees Celsius.
Mount Pinatubo Crater Lake (Luzon, Philippines)
Mount Pinatubo’s eruption in 1991 was one of the most destructive volcanic eruptions of the 20th century. The volcano lay dormant for more than 400 years before it erupted. The crater lake’s formation is attributed to the said eruption.